Friday, March 20, 2009

Explanation Text

Tujuan : menerangkan atau menjelaskan proses-proses yang terjadi dalam pembentukan atau kegiatan yang terkait dengan fenomena alam, dunia ilmiah, social budaya, dan lain-lain.

Ciri-ciri teks explanation
1. Menggunakan general dan abstract nouns. Misalnya butterfly, moths.
2. Menggunakan action verb, misalnya start, hatch, molt, increase, turn, emerge, continue.
3. Menggunakan the simple present tense, misalnya a butterfly starts its life as an egg.
4. Menggunakan passive voice, misalnya it is often laid on the leaf.
5. Menggunakan conjunctions of time and cause, misalnya before, then.
6. Menggunakan noun phrases, misalnya life cycle, old skin, resting stage, a beautiful flying adult.
7. Menggunakan abstract nouns, misalnya life.
8. Menggunakan complex sentences, misalnya the larva (caterpillar) which hatches from an egg eats leaves or flowers almost constantly.
9. Menggunakan istilah teknis (jargon), misalnya larva (caterpilar), pupa (chrysalis).

Struktur teks explanation:
1. General statement: pernyataan/penjelasan umum.
2. Sequenced explanation: penjelasan proses.
3. Conclusion: penutup.

Contoh teks:

Life-cycle of a butterfly
Butterflies and moths undergo complete metamorphosis. They go through four different life stages.
A butterfly starts its life as an egg, often laid on the leaf. The larva (caterpillar) which hatches from an egg eats leaves or flowers almost constantly. The caterpillar molts (loses its old skin) many times as it grows. The caterpillar will increase up to several thousand times in size before pupating. Then, it turns into a pupa (chrysalis). This is a resting stage.
Then, a beautiful, flying adult emerges. This adult will continue the cycle.

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